What is the analgesic mechanism of Acupuncture?

Acupuncture Analgesic Theory of Traditional Chinese Medicine
According to traditional Chinese medicine theory, the human body has twelve meridian collaterals and eight extra meridians.  Meridians are distributed on hundreds of points. There is qi running in these meridians. The body's physical, emotional, and spiritual health relies on the smooth running of the meridian midrange. When the whole body is in balance, people can be healthy. When qi is blocked, symptoms such as illness and pain can develop. Acupuncture can clear the meridians and ease blocked qi which plays a role in relieving pain and treating disease.

Acupuncture and Analgesic Theory of Western Medicine
Acupuncture is a treatment that can effectively relieve pain. Studies have shown that acupuncture has the effect of eliminating inflammation and swelling, relaxing muscles, relieving spasms and promoting local circulation.  Acupuncture can affect  the pathways where pain travels through the body to play a role in the treatment of pain. Acupuncture can stimulate the body to release endorphins, thereby reducing the nervous system's response to pain.

Acupuncture Analgesic Effect
Chinese medicine treats the human body as a whole concept rather than confining its vision to local changes in the body. By the same token, acupuncture treats   pain by adjusting the entire body, so that the various parts function to achieve  balance. This is the  therapeutic role of acupuncture.  This kind of treatment on the human body has a calming, relaxing effect. Pain can make people feel stressed, anxious, nervous and even bring on insomnia. Acupuncture relieves the entire body by taking advantage of natural ways to eliminate the negative effects of pain on the human body. In addition to using acupuncture, acupuncturists will also advise patients on lifestyle and diet, such as exercise, sleep, stress management, and so on, to further effectively help patients relieve pain symptoms. Clinically, it has been shown that acupuncture has a very positive therapeutic effect on  pain caused by various diseases.

Acupuncture analgesics for example

Arthritis: Arthritis caused by inflammation can be divided into two categories - osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis. Both types of arthritis are very common in the United States, especially in the elderly. The current treatments are mainly used to control the further development of arthritis. Therapies include the use of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, steroid injections, hyaluronic acid injections, opiates, physical therapy, weight management, exercise, surgery and arthroplasty . Acupuncture is considered to be an effective therapy for arthritis, which can increase the blood circulation around the joint, increase the absorption of calcium, and promote synovial fluid production in the joint cavity. In addition, acupuncture can also reduce inflammation, eliminate swelling and painkillers. These effects make acupuncture have a therapeutic effect on both arthritis. Acupuncture can not only relieve the symptoms of arthritis patients, but also can delay the progression of the disease. Not only that, because acupuncture is a natural remedy, the use of this treatment to treat arthritis can effectively avoid the side effects of most anti-inflammatory drugs. It is important to note that acupuncture does not restore an already deformed joint, but it does help slow the progression of joint degeneration and slow down the symptoms of arthritis. In clinical treatment, acupuncture and traditional Chinese medicine combined to treat arthritis, so that the effect is more significant. The longer you have arthritis, the longer you will need treatment.

Headache & Migraine: According to a National Headache Research Foundation study, more than 45 million Americans have chronic headaches. Of these, the most common types of chronic headaches are tension headaches, migraine and sinus headaches. Each headache has other attendant symptoms, such as muscle tension, nausea or facial pressure. Clinical research reports show that acupuncture can effectively alleviate the symptoms caused by chronic headache. Traditional Chinese medicine diagnosis and Western medicine diagnosis is completely different. According to traditional Chinese medicine theory, a disease can contain a variety of syndromes. Therefore, the diagnosis of headache requires a comprehensive analysis of different aspects of the health status such as sleep, digestion, irritation and stress. These comprehensive information can help acupuncturists to syndrome differentiation based on the patient, to distinguish which type of headache patients belong to which syndrome. After the dialectic is clear, the acupuncturist will treat the different aspects of the patient's health according to the diagnosis results, so as to finally achieve the purpose of treating the headache.

Low back pain: The main causes of back pain include sudden muscle tear caused by external force, excessive ligament injury and nerve compression or injury caused by lumbar disc herniation. The American Association of Pain Aids and the Medical Association published guidelines for clinical practice in 2007, pointing out that acupuncture is an effective treatment for chronic low back pain and should be considered by clinicians for this therapy. Acupuncture has the effect of relaxing muscles, relieving spasms, reducing swelling and local inflammation, increasing local tissue blood circulation, and promoting endorphins to reduce the pain response. Because of this, acupuncture treatment of acute and chronic low back pain are very effective.


In addition to the above, acupuncture has a very effective therapeutic effect on pain caused by many other diseases such as shoulder-arm pain, tennis elbow, wrist syndrome, temporomandibular joint dysfunction, fibromyalgia and dysmenorrhea.

 Beijing University of Chinese Medicine


Founded in 1956, the university is one of the earliest established institutions of higher learning of traditional Chinese medicine approved by the State Council of China.

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