针灸镇痛的机制是什么?

中医针灸镇痛理论

按照中医理论,人体有十二正经和奇经八脉。经络分布在数百个穴位上。这些经脉里有经气。人体的身体、情绪和精神健康依赖于经络子午流注的平稳运行。当整个身体保持平衡时,人们才能健康。当经气阻塞时,便会产生疾病和疼痛。针灸可以疏通经络,调理气机,起到缓解疼痛和治疗疾病的作用。

 

针灸与西医的镇痛理论

针灸是一种能有效缓解疼痛的治疗方法。研究表明,针灸具有抗炎消肿,放松肌肉,缓解痉挛,促进局部循环的作用。针灸可以通过影响疼痛作用的通路来缓解疼痛。针灸可以刺激身体释放内啡肽,从而减少神经系统对疼痛的反应。

 

针灸的镇痛作用

中医把人体当作一个整体,而不仅仅局限于身体局部的变化。同样的道理,针灸可以通过调节全身来治疗疼痛,从而使身体各个部位的功能达到平衡。这是针灸的治疗作用。这种治疗方法具有镇静和放松的作用。疼痛会让人感到压力、焦虑、紧张,甚至会导致失眠。针灸通过利用自然的方式消除疼痛对人体的负面影响,从而缓解整个身体状况。针灸师除了使用针灸外,还会针对生活方式和饮食提出建议,如运动,睡眠,压力管理等,从而进一步有效地帮助患者缓解疼痛症状。临床表明,针灸对各种疾病引起的疼痛有非常积极的治疗作用。

Acupuncture analgesics for example


Arthritis: Arthritis caused by inflammation can be divided into two categories - osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis. Both types of arthritis are very common in the United States, especially in the elderly. The current treatments are mainly used to control the further development of arthritis. Therapies include the use of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, steroid injections, hyaluronic acid injections, opiates, physical therapy, weight management, exercise, surgery and arthroplasty . Acupuncture is considered to be an effective therapy for arthritis, which can increase the blood circulation around the joint, increase the absorption of calcium, and promote synovial fluid production in the joint cavity. In addition, acupuncture can also reduce inflammation, eliminate swelling and painkillers. These effects make acupuncture have a therapeutic effect on both arthritis. Acupuncture can not only relieve the symptoms of arthritis patients, but also can delay the progression of the disease. Not only that, because acupuncture is a natural remedy, the use of this treatment to treat arthritis can effectively avoid the side effects of most anti-inflammatory drugs. It is important to note that acupuncture does not restore an already deformed joint, but it does help slow the progression of joint degeneration and slow down the symptoms of arthritis. In clinical treatment, acupuncture and traditional Chinese medicine combined to treat arthritis, so that the effect is more significant. The longer you have arthritis, the longer you will need treatment.


Headache & Migraine: According to a National Headache Research Foundation study, more than 45 million Americans have chronic headaches. Of these, the most common types of chronic headaches are tension headaches, migraine and sinus headaches. Each headache has other attendant symptoms, such as muscle tension, nausea or facial pressure. Clinical research reports show that acupuncture can effectively alleviate the symptoms caused by chronic headache. Traditional Chinese medicine diagnosis and Western medicine diagnosis is completely different. According to traditional Chinese medicine theory, a disease can contain a variety of syndromes. Therefore, the diagnosis of headache requires a comprehensive analysis of different aspects of the health status such as sleep, digestion, irritation and stress. These comprehensive information can help acupuncturists to syndrome differentiation based on the patient, to distinguish which type of headache patients belong to which syndrome. After the dialectic is clear, the acupuncturist will treat the different aspects of the patient's health according to the diagnosis results, so as to finally achieve the purpose of treating the headache.


Low back pain: The main causes of back pain include sudden muscle tear caused by external force, excessive ligament injury and nerve compression or injury caused by lumbar disc herniation. The American Association of Pain Aids and the Medical Association published guidelines for clinical practice in 2007, pointing out that acupuncture is an effective treatment for chronic low back pain and should be considered by clinicians for this therapy. Acupuncture has the effect of relaxing muscles, relieving spasms, reducing swelling and local inflammation, increasing local tissue blood circulation, and promoting endorphins to reduce the pain response. Because of this, acupuncture treatment of acute and chronic low back pain are very effective.
 

In addition to the above, acupuncture has a very effective therapeutic effect on pain caused by many other diseases such as shoulder-arm pain, tennis elbow, wrist syndrome, temporomandibular joint dysfunction, fibromyalgia and dysmenorrhea.


 

 Beijing University of Chinese Medicine

 

Founded in 1956, the university is one of the earliest established institutions of higher learning of traditional Chinese medicine approved by the State Council of China.

Contact us

​Tel: (240) 403-7946

Fax: (240) 403-7147

Email: usccmbybucm@gmail.com
Address: 9600 Blackwell Road, Suite 300 

Rockville, MD 20850 

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